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『that』引导从句时的可省与不可省
 

bet36怎么买 that』引导从句时的可省与不可省

英语教研组     钱曦

在英语学习的过程中,我们经常会读到或者用到连词that来引导从句,如主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句,定语从句,同位语从句等。这类从句中,that 有时可以省略,有时却不可以省略。如何正确、规范地运用这个常见却很重要的连词呢?下面将that引导从句的省略情况总结如下,希望对同学们的学习有所帮助。

1、引导宾语从句一般可以省略,但以下宾语从句中不可以省略:

1)        and连接两个宾语从句时,that引导的宾语从句放在and后面时:

e.g. Everybody could see what happened and that Tom was frightened.

2that引导的是介词宾语时:

e.g. I know nothing about him except that he is from the south. (except是介词)

3that从句中的状语紧跟在that之后,即位于主语之前时:

   e.g. He understands that unless he pays back the debt, he’ll have to appear in court.

   (unless he pays back the debtthat从句中的状语)

3)  that从句位于句首时:

e.g. That he ever said such a thing I simply don’t believe.

4)主句的谓语动词与that引导的宾语从句之间有插入语时:

e.g. We decided, in view of his special circumstances, that the game would be put off till next Friday. in view of his special circumstances是插入语)

5)  that引导的宾语从句前有it作其形式宾语时:

e.g. We think it important that college students should master at least one foreign language.

e.g. He made it clear that he was not interested in this subject.

6)  that引导的宾语从句中主语是非谓语动词或主语从句时:

e.g. The doctor said that taking exercise was the best way of losing weight.

taking exercise是动名词短语作从句的主语)

e.g. The old lady explained that what she was looking for was a pair of gloves.

(what she was looking for是从句作主语)

2、引导定语从句中,that在从句中作宾语可省,作主语则不可以省略:

   e.g. He was the person that helped me in the accident.

3、引导主语从句时,不可以省略:

e.g. That he has told lies is quite clear.

4、引导同位语从句时,不可以省略:

   e.g. There is a feeling in me that they are cheating me.

(that引导的从句是对feeling的具体解释说明)

       e.g. The news that our team has won is true.

 (that引导的从句是对news的具体解释说明)

5it’ s + adj. + that从句中,it作形式主语,that从句作真正的主语,that不可省略。

   e.g. It’s important that students should study hard.

6、在强调句型It is/was···that···中,不可以省略:

   e.g. It was in Shanghaithat I saw the film.

7it作形式主语,that引导的从句作真正的主语时,从句简短,可以省略;从句长,则不宜省略:

   e.g. It’s a pity (that) he has made such a mistake.

   e.g. It was a great pity that you have made so many mistakes in your math exercise.

   e.g. It’s obvious (that) he is right.

最后,请同学们判断以下两个句子的对错:

aI don’t understand that what you said just now.

bI don’t understand what you said just now.

        当名词性从句已有疑问词引导时,不可再加that。这里what you said just now是由疑问词what引导的宾语从句,所以不能再加that了,因此a句错误,b句正确。你答对了吗?

 
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